Their cosmography as far as we know anything about it was practically of one type up til the time of the white man's arrival upon the scene. That of the Borneo Dayaks may furnish us with some idea of it. 'They consider the Earth to be a flat surface, whilst the heavens are a dome, a kind of glass shade which covers the Earth and comes in contact with it at the horizon.'" Lucien Levy-Bruhl, Primitive Mentality (repr. Boston: Beacon, 1966) 353; "The usual primitive conception of the world's form ... [is] flat and round below and surmounted above by a solid firmament in the shape of an inverted bowl." H. B. Alexander, The Mythology of All Races 10: North American (repr. New York: Cooper Square, 1964) 249.
- FOOTNOTE 1 from the above Wikipedia citation
It's not until we get to about 500 years before Christ that we finally start to see people questioning the previous models held by the ancient world to be true. Before anyone was able to physically go out and explore the "ends of the earth," from about 500 BC to 150 AD, various Greek philosophers theorized the idea that the earth could be spherical in nature, with north and south polar regions. But no one could actually prove anything through physical observation of an alleged South Pole for instance. Please keep this in mind. This is pre-exploration of the alleged poles. It was during this pre-pole exploration age that people like Pythagoras and later, around 200 BC, the Greek mathematician and philosopher, Eratosthenes began to put forth their theories.
Prior to that however, it must be noted that the far more advanced builders of megalithic structures such as the various pyramids and temples we see across this Earth were among those who believed in an enclosed, flat Earth model. In that regard, I found the following quote by Winston Churchill rather intetesting...
“The farther back you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.”
― Winston Churchill
Even to this day we still can't figure out how the ancients built such incredible structures. So, could it be that they knew something that was lost to humanity due to the theories of men such as Pythagoras and Eratosthenes? I think so. The very fact that the farther back you go in history, the more prevelant the belief in an enclosed, flat Earth becomes, should give us all pause to consider carefully.
I'll get to Pythagoras in shortly, but first I'd like to address Eratosthenes. So the story goes, sometime around 200 BC or so, Eratosthenes invented the discipline of geography. He is best known for being the first person to calculate the circumference of the Earth, which he did by applying a measuring system using stades, or the length of stadia during that time period. He was also the first to calculate the tilt of the Earth's axis. I don't know what his calculation was exactly, but according to modern science, this is what they say concerning the Earth's tilt today:
The Earth currently has an axial tilt of about 23.4°. This value remains approximately the same relative to a stationary orbital plane throughout the cycles of precession. However, because the ecliptic (i.e. the Earth's orbit) moves due to planetary perturbations, the obliquity of the ecliptic is not a fixed quantity. At present, it is decreasing at a rate of about 47" per century.
We have all been taught that the seasons are caused by the 23.4° angular offset (obliquity) between the Earth's axis of rotation and a perpendicular to the Earth's orbital plane with the Sun (see obliquity below). The Earth's rotational axis stays nearly fixed in space, even as the Earth orbits the Sun once each year. As a result, when the Earth is at a certain place in its orbit, the northern hemisphere is tilted toward the Sun and experiences summer. Six months later, when the Earth is on the opposite side of the Sun, the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun and experiences winter.
Earth is tilted on its axis 23.4 degrees relative to its orbit around the sun. This causes Earth to experience seasons. From late March to late September, Earth is in the part of its orbit where its North Pole is tilted toward the sun. Those of us who live in the northern hemisphere observe that the sun appears higher in the sky than it does at other times, and we experience more hours of daylight. Since we receive greater accumulated solar energy at this time of year, our temperatures are warmer than they are in other seasons. From late September through late March, Earth is in the part of its orbit where the North Pole is tipped away from the sun. During this time, the southern hemisphere receives more heat and light from the sun, while northern hemisphere inhabitants see the sun lower in the sky and experience less than 12 hours of daylight. The seasons are not caused by the slightly elliptical orbit of Earth. On the contrary, Earth is slightly closer to the sun in the northern hemisphere winter.
This tilt appears to be well-designed for life. If Earth were tilted less, the polar regions would receive less energy, reducing the habitable area of the planet. If the earth were tilted more, the seasons would become more extreme, potentially reducing plant-growing seasons and making the environment less hospitable.
So according to multiple witnesses (both secular and Christian), the earth is allegedly tilted at 23.4 degrees off of the center of a 90 degree angle. Well, 90 - 23.4 = 66.6. I suppose that's probably just a coincidence. Or is it? See, this is the sort of thing that catches my attention. Because these are Antichrist clues and such clues always lead back to Apollo-Osiris-Orion-Nimrod... who I firmly believe is the Beast of Revelation that we call the Antichrist. For more on that, please read my book, Babylon Rising: And The First Shall Be Last or watch the following videos (from my Yahuwah Triangle series):
Now, if you do watch the above videos, the first thing you will notice is that I used the globe in the introduction animations. This of course is because I produced them before looking into the Flat Earth Controversy. Those videos were made as recently as December of last year (2014). Here it is just 5 months later and now I'm questioning a whole lot of things I thought I knew so well. As a result, I am finding that belief in the globe is not nearly as cut-and-dry as I would have thought a month and a half ago. That's right, it's only been a month and a half that I have been looking into this issue. Therefore, I do not claim to be an expert in any of this. In fact, the more I'm learning, the more I am realizing just how completely clueless I have been... and may still be. Therefore, my quest4truth continues - and I must say, the deeper I dig the stranger and more intriguing it all becomes.
In this particular leg of my adventure, I've been seeing how the Greek god Apollo is literally taking center stage in this whole idea of a globe. Please take the time to watch the following video series before going any further:
This is so interesting, because we are seeing more and more information coming out leading us to believe in the return of Apollo. Consider the recent "discovery" of the statue of Apollo, which was "raised from the sea" a couple of years ago:
When Jwdat Abu Ghrb spotted a dark shape last summer in the waters off Gaza, where he was diving for fish, he initially thought it was a corpse.
"I was afraid," he told CNN. "I put on my goggles, dove underneath and still couldn't tell what it was. I resurfaced and got some help from other people and family members and came back, and after full four hours of trying we managed to get it out of the water and I was shocked by what I found."
It was a life-size bronze statue, believed to be a 2,500-year-old depiction of the ancient Greek god Apollo.
He described the half-ton object as "treasure pulled out of the sea."
Please watch the embedded video on the above linked CNN webpage and notice how the camera starts off by focusing in on the statue's left eye (which is still in the socket). After that, all other pictures we've seen online show the statue without the left eye. This is significant. It is the classic depiction of Nimrod as also seen in the famous bust of Sargon (depicted below) and the "all seeing (left) eye" on the back of our dollar bill.
For instance, we are all familiar with the "All Seeing Eye." But few understand where this whole idea came from. At some point, either before or after Nimrod's death, it would seem that he lost an eye. Anuki, the servant that interpretted Nimrod's dream (and possibly the author of the tales of the Anunnaki?), said that part of the dream means "nothing else but the seed of Abram will slay the king in latter days." [Jasher chapter 27 tells how Esau (Abraham's grandson) fulfills this prophecy.] Thus, I see Anuki's interpretaion as symbolic of two things:
1) Nimrod's first death in the days to come (from that time).
2) Nimrod's coming second death in the latter days - those we call the Last Days.
Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened. - Zechariah 11:17 (KJV)
Remember what I wrote concerning Sargon (pictured right) from the last blog? I told you to keep his image in mind, because true to Nimrod's dream, he is now missing an eye! So, if the losing of the eye represents his death, we can now clearly "see" the other symbolic reference here.
Tom Horn and Peter Goodgame also wrote extensively about this. Others are picking up on it as well...
Regarding Apollo, I have been seeing some interesting things at Target the past few X-mess seasons. For starters, the Target logo is the symbol of Apollo. They also have a "tool kit" line named Apollo Tools. Apollo Elementary School linked up with Target. But perhaps most interesting of all was the following product display. I took this picture while standing in the line for the check-out counter:
NASA’s OSIRIS-REx mission and The Planetary Society invited you to submit your name for a round-trip ride to asteroid Bennu. Your name will hitch a ride to the asteroid, spend 500 days there, and return in the Sample Return Capsule to Earth in 2023.
OSIRIS-Rex is part of the New Frontiers Program of NASA. This caught my attention for two reasons: 1) New Frontiers Marketing and The New Frontier, Inc. were the names of the first two companies I created when I left the Army in 1993 and 2) CERN also has a program called New Frontiers. Now, granted, anytime we launch out into the exploration of new ideas and places we've not seen before, the term "new frontier" is a natural choice. But could it be that NASA and CERN are working together toward the same goal? A goal that directly relates to the numbers 9 and 11... as in Revelation 9:11? I think so! And while NASA does their part, CERN claims to have "the key" to the New Frontier:
This year, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will restart at the record collision energy of 13 TeV, following a two-year long shutdown (LS1) for planned maintenance. To mark this, today saw the LS1 activities coordinator symbolically handing over the LHC key to the operations team. The team will now perform tests on the machine in preparation for the restart this spring.
After three years of highly successful running, the LHC was shut down for maintenance in 2013. Since then, engineers and technicians have been repairing and strengthening the 27-kilometre accelerator in preparation for its restart at 13 TeV. Some 18 of the 1232 dipole magnets that steer particle beams around the accelerator were replaced, and more than 10,000 electrical interconnections between the magnets were strengthened. The LHC’s vacuum, cryogenics and electronics systems were also consolidated.
"It's important to stress that after the long shutdown, the LHC is essentially a new machine," said CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer in his New Year address at CERN last week.
CERN has the key to the New Frontier? NASA's OSIRIS-Rex is going to be looking for "alien DNA" for 500 days on an asteroid named Bennu, that just so happened to have been discovered on 9/11? Revelation 9:11 talks about the release of Apollo from the Bottomless Pit? Meh. Probably just a coincidence. I'm getting way ahead of myself anyway. We'll come back to CERN much later in this series.
In the meantime, go back and look at the above AXE Apollo/Phoenix display I saw at Target. AXE is often pitched as the cologne men need to attract women - even falling female angels:
Note the slogan at the end of this commercial: Even Angels Will Fall
Did you catch the clock set to 9:11 at 7 seconds into this one?
Now consider the following:
Mythological History of the Sun
Apollo was associated with law, philosophy, and the arts. He sometimes gave the gift of prophecy to mortals whom he loved, such as the Trojan princess Cassandra. One of the most important Olympian gods, Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis. He is considered the ideal of manly beauty, so that a very handsome man might be called an “Apollo.” He is also the god of poetry and music. Apollo replaced the Titan Helios as the sun god; however, the Greeks didn’t delete Helios completely but referred to both of them as the Sun gods. The arrows of Apollo and Artemis invariably killed and the Greeks explained epidemics of diseases by supposing that they were shooting their arrows at people; and so, by praying to Apollo, the epidemic might be made to stop. In this way, Apollo became associated with the cure of diseases. Such so-called cures led to a myth in which Apollo was thought to have had a son, Asclepius (as KLEP ee uhs), who is better known under the Roman version of the name, Aesculapius (es' kyoo LAY pee uhs). He was a mortal medical healer who was so successful that he was reputed to have the ability to bring the dead back to life, which resulted in complaints by Hades. As a result, to keep peace in the godly family, Zeus killed him with a thunderbolt. After his death, Aesculapius became a god and he was also placed among the constellations, where he is pictured as a man holding a serpent in his hands.
The snake was a symbol of medicine and doctors and the Latin name for his constellation is Ophiuchus (oh fee YOO kuhs) which means “serpent-holder”. (His symbol, the rod of Aesculapias, is not to be confused with the staff of Hermes, or the Caduceus. The rod of Aesculapias is a single rod with a single snake. The Caduceus is a rod with two intertwined snakes and wings.) Sometimes the stars forming the serpent are referred to as a separate constellation called “Serpens” (serpent) and occasionally the whole constellation is referred to as “Serpentarius”. Apollo became significant among the Romans when Augustus Caesar, as a young man, chose Apollo as his own god, and attributed his victory over Antony and Cleopatra to Apollo’s superiority over monstrous Egyptian and oriental deities, whose cults appeared to him to be lascivious and orgiastic. At least one Roman writer, Horace in his Carmen Saeculare, expressed what Augustus thought of Apollo: “Governor of Roman destiny; master of the sun; archer; augur; averter of pestilence; and giver of sound morals to the young.”
Without a doubt (at least in my mind), the story of Apollo is the story of Osiris. The story of Osiris is the story of Nimrod. Nimrod is the "mighty hunter" (Orion) who stood in defiance of YHWH, attempting to build a tower to "reach into heaven" in order to kill God and set up a "New World Order." I go into a lot of detail concerning all of this in my book, Babylon Rising: And The First Shall Be Last, so I won't go any further in trying to explain it all here. Suffice it to say, I am more than convinced of these connections. Now, I'm seeing how it all may be playing into my current research regarding the Flat Earth Controversy. I will try to pull it all together in this new series of blogs dealing with Apollo. In the meantime, let's get back to Eratosthenes...
Modern science believes he may have accurately calculated the distance from the Earth to the Sun and invented the leap day. He created the first map of the world incorporating parallels and meridians, based on the available geographical knowledge of the era. Quite a guy, huh? But how did he do all of that? Well, apparently, he noticed the shadow on an obelisk in Egypt at one location was different from how it appeared at another location at the same time of day. One had almost no shadow, while the other had a long shadow. His conclusion was that the earth must be a sphere and so with that preconceived notion, he did some math calculations to prove that notion and determine how big the alleged sphere was. Listen to Carl Sagan tell the story...
That all seems reasonable enough, however, the same thing can be observed in the Flat Earth model. But, in the Flat Earth model, the sun is not millions of miles away. Rather it is much closer and way smaller than the standard model we've all been taught. With the smaller, moving sun inside the dome of an enclosed flat earth, you still get the same exact results as those Eratosthenes observed. To prove this, in a 3D program called Poser, I created a flat plain, with two obelisks and a point light with a limited throw:
I then moved that light from being over the top of one to being over the top of the other. Then I zoomed out and raised the camera high above the scene to show how day and night still works with this model as well. The point light only illuminates a specified area. The other areas remain in the dark. You can see my video here:
So, at least in my mind, the early Greek "meter stick" and obelisk experiment proves one of at least two ideas at best. It is by no means conclusive. But there can be no doubt that Eratosthenes was the one who really "got the ball rolling" on this topic.
Obviously, when looking back through history, we can find a handful of ancient mathematicians and philosophers who kicked around the idea of a globe based on observations and conclusions similar to those of Pythagoras and Eratosthenes, but it never really caught on in mainstream thought until you get to Copernicus. Galileo, Kepler and Newton. Oddly enough, someone recently posted this pic to my Facebook wall as I was writing this blog:
The above represent the "giants" in the field of modern science, which now puts forth the idea of the Earth as a globe.
The Freemasonic website known as MasonicDictionary.com says the following in the About Us section of the site:
The Masonic Dictionary has been designed to provide Freemasons with electronic access to information on Freemasonry from a variety of sources arranged alphabetically by subject matter. The purpose of the site is to assist Masons in understanding their fraternity and to provide those who would like to research the craft an opportunity to do so online.
This site claims to be the "go to" place for Freemasons. It has this to say about Pythagoras:
Pythagoras taught as the principal dogma of his philosophy the system of metempsychosis, or the transmigration of souls. He taught the mystical power of numbers, and much of the symbolism on that subject which we now passes is derived from what has been left to us by his disciples, for of his own writings there is nothing extant.
* * *
Disdaining the vanity and dogmatism of the ancient sages, he contented himself with proclaiming that he was simply a seeker after knowledge, not its possessor, and to him is attributed the introduction of the word philosopher, or lover of wisdom, as the only title which he would assume. After the lawless destruction of his school at Crotona, he fled to the Locrians, who refused to receive him, when he repaired to Metapontum, and sought an asylum from his enemies in the temple of the Muses, where tradition says that he died of starvation at near the end of the sixth or the beginning of the fifth century. Some claim the date to be 506 B.C., when he was about seventy-six years old.
* * *
The schools established by Pythagoras at Crotona and other cities, have been considered by many writers as the models after which Masonic Lodges were subsequently constructed. They undoubtedly served the Christian ascetics of the first century as a pattern for their monastic institutions, with which institutions the Freemasonry of the Middle Ages, in its operative character, was intimately connected.
* * *
The mode of living in the school of Crotona was like that of the modern Communists. The Brethren, about six hundred in number, with their wives and children, resided in one large building. Every morning the business and duties of the day were arranged, and at night an account was rendered of the day's transactions.They arose before day to pay their devotions to the sun, and recited verses from Homer, Hesiod, or some other poet.
- Source: Mackey's Encyclopedia of Freemasonry
So, according to Freemasonry's own dictionaries and encyclopedias, their hero, Pythagoras was a sun worshiping pagan. He ended his life among the temple of the muses, who were directly linked to Apollo in the ancient writings of the Greeks. According to the website Greek-Gods.info, we can read:
The Creation of the Muses
The Muses were nine very intelligent, beautiful and careless divinities. Each Muse was responsible for a different literary or poetic genre. They were created by Zeus, the King of the Gods, who secretly laid for nine nights with Mnemosyne, the Titaness of memory.
The Role of the Muses and Apollo
The Muses were brought to life to make the world disremember the evil and relieve the sorrows and to praise the gods, and especially the Olympian Gods' victory over their ancestors, the Titans. Apollo was the main teacher of the Muses. They were usually accompanying him and the Graces on their strolls and loved singing and dancing on soft feet on laurel leaves, while Apollo was playing the lyre.
The Encyclopedia Britannica has this to say about Copernicus:
For a time Copernicus lived in the same house as the principal astronomer at the university, Domenico Maria de Novara (Latin: Domenicus Maria Novaria Ferrariensis; 1454–1504). Novara had the responsibility of issuing annual astrological prognostications for the city, forecasts that included all social groups but gave special attention to the fate of the Italian princes and their enemies. Copernicus, as is known from Rheticus, was “assistant and witness” to some of Novara’s observations, and his involvement with the production of the annual forecasts means that he was intimately familiar with the practice of astrology.
* * *
In Copernicus’s period, astrology and astronomy were considered subdivisions of a common subject called the “science of the stars,” whose main aim was to provide a description of the arrangement of the heavens as well as the theoretical tools and tables of motions that would permit accurate construction of horoscopes and annual prognostications.
While nothing I read about Copernicus led me to believe he was ever a Freemason or that he received his "revelation" of heliocentricity from Apollo, the fact remains, he was certainly influenced by the writings of those who did worship the sun god Apollo. Admittedly however, this is only circumstantial evidence at best and nothing worthy of condemning the man as being a follower of Apollo himself. And him being pictured with a compass and square in the above picture doesn't automatically make him (or any of the others) a Freemason either. I've used a compass and square plenty of times myself and I am not, nor is anyone in my immediate family a Freemason. It is however interesting how much the Freemasons do love Copernicus and in fact have lodges named in his honor (such as Lodge Copernicus No. 246 and Lodge Copernicus No. 505 and Poland's Mother Lodge "Kopernik" among others). So, perhaps he is "guilty by association?" I don't know as far as any of that goes.
However, this much I do know: His ideas have always been challenged, even as recently as in the beginning of the 20th Century and indeed even to this day:
Now let's talk about Galileo. He is a rather interesting fellow I must say. The Wikipedia account of his clash with the Catholic Church caught my attention:
In the Catholic world prior to Galileo's conflict with the Church, the majority of educated people subscribed to the Aristotelian geocentric view that the earth was the center of the universe and that all heavenly bodies revolved around the Earth, despite the use of Copernican theories to reform the calendar in 1582. Biblical references Psalm93:1, 96:10, and 1 Chronicles16:30 include text stating that "the world is firmly established, it cannot be moved." In the same manner, Psalm 104:5 says, "the Lord set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved." Further, Ecclesiastes1:5 states that "And the sun rises and sets and returns to its place."
Galileo defended heliocentrism, and in his Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina argued that it was not contrary to biblical texts. He took the Augustinian position that poetry, songs, instructions or historical statements in biblical texts need not always be interpreted literally. Galileo argued that the authors wrote from the perspective of the terrestrial world in which the sun does rise and set, and discussed a different kind of "movement" of the earth, not rotations.
By 1615 Galileo's writings on heliocentrism had been submitted to the Roman Inquisition, and his efforts to interpret the Bible were seen as a violation of the Council of Trent. Attacks on the ideas of Copernicus had reached a head, and Galileo went to Rome to defend himself and Copernican ideas. In 1616, an Inquisitorial commission unanimously declared heliocentrism to be "foolish and absurd in philosophy, and formally heretical since it explicitly contradicts in many places the sense of Holy Scripture." The Inquisition found that the idea of the Earth's movement "receives the same judgement in philosophy and... in regard to theological truth it is at least erroneous in faith." (The original document from the Inquisitorial commission was made widely available in 2014.)
Pope Paul V instructed Cardinal Bellarmine to deliver this finding to Galileo, and to order him to abandon the Copernican opinions. On 26 February, Galileo was called to Bellarmine's residence and ordered
... to abandon completely... the opinion that the sun stands still at the center of the world and the earth moves, and henceforth not to hold, teach, or defend it in any way whatever, either orally or in writing.
— The Inquisition's injunction against Galileo, 1616.
The decree of the Congregation of the Index banned Copernicus's De Revolutionibus and other heliocentric works until correction. Bellarmine's instructions did not prohibit Galileo from discussing heliocentrism as a mathematical fiction.
As with my research on Copernicus, I really didn't find a whole lot of confirming evidence that would lead me to a firm conclusion that Galileo was a Freemason or that he served the Greek god Apollo. He seems to me to have simply been a man of science who challenged the status quo - interestingly enough, right around the time of the publishing of the King James Bible, which does not in any way support a spinning globe, orbiting around the sun. Still, it is obvious Galileo was picking up where Copernicus left off, who himself seemed to have been influenced by Pythagoras, who was influenced by Apollo. The same is true of Kepler. Indeed, that was the mode of that era:
European learning was based on the Greek sources that had been passed down, and cosmological and astronomical thought were based on Aristotle and Ptolemy. Aristotle's cosmology of a central Earth surrounded by concentric spherical shells carrying the planets and fixed stars was the basis of European thought from the 12th century CE onward. Technical astronomy, also geocentric, was based on the constructions of excentric circles and epicycles codified in Ptolemy's Almagest (2d. century CE).
From this, we may see the fact that they had a variety of ideas to choose from, all originating with ancient Greek sources, some of which came to conflicting conclusions based on differing ideas and points of view. These later men of science thus had to wrestle with these things and through their own observations and testings, came up with new theories, based on their findings, which were derived from better instruments than what the ancients had to work with when coming up with their theories.
Still, perhaps unlike Galileo, it would seem that Kepler was influenced by ideas concerning the Greek god Apollo.
In 1594 Kepler accepted an appointment as professor of mathematics at the Protestant seminary in Graz (in the Austrian province of Styria). He was also appointed district mathematician and calendar maker. Kepler remained in Graz until 1600, when all Protestants were forced to convert to Catholicism or leave the province, as part of Counter Reformation measures. For six years, Kepler taught arithmetic, geometry (when there were interested students), Virgil, and rhetoric. In his spare time he pursued his private studies in astronomy and astrology.
According to The Galileo Project website, Kepler taught Virgil for six years, while studying astrology in his spare time. This caught my attention because of some of the things I had written in Chapter 4 of my book, Babylon Rising: And The First Shall Be Last. In that chapter, I show how Virgil also had a heavy influence on a man by the name of Charles Thomson. He's the guy who worked on the Great Seal of the United States. Now go grab a U.S. one dollar bill, flip it over and read the motto, Novus Ordo Seclorum under the pyramid. That Latin phrase was taken from a line in the following poem by Virgil.
Muses of Sicily, let me sing a little more grandly...Now the last age of the Cumaean prophecy begins: the great roll-call of the centuries is born anew: now Virgin Justice returns, returns old Saturn’s reign, With a new breed of men sent down from heaven. Only favour the child who’s born, pure Lucina, under whom the first race of iron shall end, and a golden race rise up throughout the world: now your Apollo reigns.
* * *
He will take on divine life, and he will see gods mingled with heroes, and be seen by them, and rule a peaceful world with his father’s powers.
* * *
O dear child of the gods, take up your high honours (the time is near), great son of Jupiter! See the world, with its weighty dome, bowing, earth and wide sea and deep heavens: see how everything delights in the future age!
— Excerpts from Virgil’s Eclogue IV: The Golden Age
The original Latin phrase translated into English as, “The great roll-call of the centuries is born [or begins] anew.” in the first paragraph is: “Magnus ab integro seclorum nascitur ordo”. Thomson shortened this phrase to Novus Ordo Seclorum, which means, “A New Order of the Ages,” and placed it below the Great Pyramid on the Great Seal.
The phrase, Annuit Coeptus above the pyramid means “favors undertakings.” It is an incomplete statement, thus the subject must be supplied. Who is the one favoring and what undertakings are being favored? The iconography must be taken as a whole. Therefore, the meaning and answer to those questions is in the Great Seal itself. The “Eye of Providence” that sits hovering over the pyramid and between Annuit and Coeptus is better known as the “All-Seeing-Eye” of Horus-Osiris-Nimrod, and it serves as the best candidate for answering the question of “who” we are talking about here.
However, if we were to take it a step further and consider what (or who) “inspired” Charles Thomson to use this phrase, we must again look to his favorite poet, Virgil.
In Book IX of Virgil’s Aeneid, we find the Latin phrase, “Audacibus annue coeptis.” Essentially, it means, “Grant me success in this brave venture.” It is a prayer. To whom is the subject (in this case, Ascanius) praying? He is praying to his god, Jupiter/Zeus, asking him for victory in his battle against Remulus.
“All-powerful Jupiter, assent to my bold attempt. I myself will bring gifts each year to your temple, and I’ll place before your altar a snow-white bullock with gilded forehead, carrying his head as high as his mother, already butting with his horns, and scattering sand with his hooves.”
— Excerpt from Virgil’s Aeneid, Book IX
Note how we have Roman, Greek, Egyptian and Babylonian themes all on one “cypher” on the back of our currency. We must acknowledge that there is a great deal of information encoded in the symbols of our nation’s Great Seal — all of which is hidden in plain sight. Thus, we must be made aware that the “IN GOD WE TRUST” is not the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, but rather the god(s) of the ancient, pagan world! Both Thomson and Kepler taught and were influenced by Virgil.
Kepler's teacher in the mathematical subjects was Michael Maestlin (1550-1635). Maestlin was one of the earliest astronomers to subscribe to Copernicus's heliocentric theory, although in his university lectures he taught only the Ptolemaic system. Only in what we might call graduate seminars did he acquaint his students, among whom was Kepler, with the technical details of the Copernican system. Kepler stated later that at this time he became a Copernican for "physical or, if you prefer, metaphysical reasons."
* * *
In 1610 Kepler heard and read about Galileo's discoveries with the spyglass. He quickly composed a long letter of support which he published asDissertatio cum Nuncio Sidereo ("Conversation with the Sidereal Messenger"), and when, later that year, he obtained the use of a suitable telescope, he published his observations of Jupiter's satellitesunder the title Narratio de Observatis Quatuor Jovis Satellitibus ("Narration about Four Satellites of Jupiter observed"). These tracts were an enormous support to Galileo, whose discoveries were doubted or denied by many. Both of Kepler's tracts were quickly reprinted in Florence. Kepler went on to provide the beginning of a theory of the telescope in his Dioptrice, published in 1611.
So, here we have Kepler reading Virgil. Virgil talks about praying to Jupiter and the rise of Apollo's reign on earth. Then, after observing Jupiter, Kepler becomes a supporter of Galileo, for "metaphysical reasons," leading to him publishing the beginning of his theories the same year as the King James Bible comes out, which absolutely does not support what these men are proposing. Call me crazy and perhaps all of that means nothing, but I just find the timing and circumstances surrounding of all of this quite interesting.
Finally, we have Sir Isaac Newton. For a long time, I had considered him to have been brilliant scientist and an amazing Christian man of God. Now, I am not so sure... about the latter. I won't say this with any measure of certainty, but it may be that just like many of our so-called American Founding Fathers, he was just another one of these incredibly intelligent guys who knew the Christian lingo, knew the Bible, but had a secret life wrapped around occult beliefs and activities. There certainly does appear to be a variety of on-line articles books coming out these days that would seem to support that idea.
Isaac Newton produced many works that would now be classified as occult studies. These works explored chronology, alchemy, and Biblical interpretation (especially of the Apocalypse). Newton's scientific work may have been of lesser personal importance to him, as he placed emphasis on rediscovering the occult wisdom of the ancients. In this sense, some believe that any reference to a "Newtonian Worldview" as being purely mechanical in nature is somewhat inaccurate.
Isaac Newton has often been associated with various secret societies and fraternal orders throughout history. Due to the secretive nature of such organizations, lack of supportive publicized material, and dubious motives for claiming Newton's participation in these groups, it is difficult to establish his actual membership in any specific organization.
Regardless of his own membership status, Newton was a known associate of many individuals who themselves have often been labeled as members of various esoteric groups. It is unclear if these associations were a result of his being a well established and prominently publicized scholar, an early member and sitting President of The Royal Society (1703–1727), a prominent figure of State and Master of the Mint, a recognized Knight, or if Newton actually sought active membership within these esoteric organizations himself. Considering the nature and legality of alchemical practices during his lifetime, as well as his possession of various materials and manuscripts pertaining to alchemical research, Newton may very well have been a member of a group of like minded thinkers and colleagues. The organized level of this group (if in fact any existed), the level of their secrecy, as well as the depth of Newton's involvement within them, remains unclear.
Though Newton was largely considered a reclusive personality and not prone to socializing, during his lifetime being a member of "Societies" or "Clubs" was a very popular form of interpersonal networking. Considering his esteemed social status, it is probable that Newton would have had a least some contact with such groups at various levels. He was most certainly a member of The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge and the Spalding Gentlemen's Society, however, these are considered learned societies, not esoteric societies. Newton's membership status within any particular secret society remains verifiably allusive and largely speculative, however, it still lends itself to popular sensationalism.
Newton and The Rosicrucians
Perhaps the movement which most influenced Isaac Newton was Rosicrucianism. Though the Rosicrucian movement had caused a great deal of excitement within Europe's scholarly community during the early seventeenth century, by the time Newton had reached maturity the movement had become less sensationalized. However, the Rosicrucian movement still would have a profound influence upon Newton, particularly in regard to his alchemical work and philosophical thought.
The Rosicrucian belief in being specially chosen for the ability to communicate with angels or spirits is echoed in Newton's prophetic beliefs. Additionally, the Rosicrucians proclaimed to have the ability to live forever through the use of the elixir vitae and the ability to produce limitless amounts of time and gold from the use of The Philosopher's Stone, which they claimed to have in their possession. Like Newton, the Rosicrucians were deeply religious, avowedly Christian, anti-Catholic, and highly politicised. Isaac Newton would have a deep interest in not just their alchemical pursuits, but also their belief in esoteric truths of the ancient past and the belief in enlightened individuals with the ability to gain insight into nature, the physical universe, and the spiritual realm.
At the time of his death, Isaac Newton had 169 books on the topic of alchemy in his personal library, and was believed to have considerably more books on this topic during his Cambridge years, though he may have sold them before moving to London in 1696. For its time, his was considered one of the finest alchemical libraries in the world. In his library, Newton left behind a heavily annotated personal copy of The Fame and Confession of the Fraternity R.C., by Thomas Vaughan which represents an English translation of The Rosicrucian Manifestos. Newton also possessed copies of Themis Aurea and Symbola Aurea Mensae Duodecium by the learned alchemist Michael Maier, both of which are significant early books about the Rosicrucian movement. These books were also extensively annotated by Newton.
Newton's ownership of these materials by no means denotes membership within any early Rosicrucian order. Furthermore, considering that his personal alchemical investigations were focused upon discovering materials which the Rosicrucians professed to already be in possession of long before he was born, would seem to some to exclude Newton from their membership. However, in religious terms, the fact that a saint might have 'found God' would not preclude others from the search — quite the opposite. The Ancient & Mystical Order Rosae Crucis has always claimed Newton as a frater. During his own life, Newton was openly 'accused' of being a Rosicrucian, as were many members of The Royal Society. Though it is not known for sure if Isaac Newton was in fact a Rosicrucian, and he never publicly identified himself as one, from his writings it does appear that he may have shared many of their sentiments and beliefs.
Excerpts from Chapter 3 of the book, Isaac Newton's Freemasonry: The Alchemy of Science and Mysticism by Alain Bauer
Loup Verlet writes of the conditions of the “miraculous” discovery of Newton’s unpublished manuscripts. Put in a stack in 1696 when he was leaving the directorship of the mint in London, they escaped the burning of his personal documents arranged just after his death. They were discovered two centuries later and put up at auction in 1936. John Maynard Keynes won the manuscripts and revealed that Newton was not only the “first physicist” but also the “last magician.” The haul included several alchemical works, the bulk of them now at Cambridge, some at the University of Jerusalem, and others in private collections. According to Verlet, Newton’s known work comprises 1.4 million words relating to theology, 550,000 on alchemy, 150,000 on monetary affairs, and one million on scientific problems.
Verlet considers Newton, from a scientific point of view, to have been a coincidence. If he had not lived, the development of the sciences would surely have been delayed, and the work begun by Galileo and Descartes would have been slowed down. But by hiding his secrets away, Newton the magus also hid the alchemical, Hermetic, and esoteric dimensions which elucidated his research. From this point of view, victorious Science made its complex matrix disappear.
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Isabelle Stengers writes that Newton affirmed: “I do not feign hypotheses, I stick to phenomena.” This did not hinder his speculative theories, and placed him in contrast with the “contemplative” Galileo.
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In 1669, according to Richard Westfall, Newton immersed himself in alchemical literature. Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs affirms that “Newton read virtually everything alchemical that had ever been published, and a good many things that had not.” Numerous manuscripts from Hartlib’s circle were copied by Newton himself. His friend Robert Boyle served him as a link to other circles of Rosicrucians and alchemists. Elias Ashmole did the same in writing his Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum (published in 1652).
Newton even devised an anagram of his name as a pseudonym (Isaacus Neuutonus becoming Jeova sanctus unus), which allowed him to exchange manuscripts with his correspondents while remaining anonymous, despite widespread speculation. In Newton’s personal archives, a great many manuscripts have been found with lengthy annotations: Philalethes’ Secrets Reveal’d from 1669, Sendivogius’ Novum Lumen Chymicum, Espagnet’s Arcanum hermeticae philosophiae, Maier’s Symbola aureae mensae duodecim, the Opera of George Ripley (the great English alchemist), Basil Valentine’s Triumphal Chariot of Antimony. Most of these are preserved at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
What does all of this have to do with the Flat Earth Controversy? The main thing I want you to get out of the above is how much the occult, Freemasonry and specifically the worship of and/or other associations with Apollo always seem to pop up where the subject of the globe is concerned. These Apollo/sun god worshippers and believers in heliocentricity caused many to either question, totally rethink and/or toss out what the Scriptures actually say concerning the earth and its place in the cosmos.
With all of the above in mind, I've been trying to piece together a timeline of events from Nimrod to CERN and its potential activity this coming September (2015). I will begin to go through that timeline in Part 2 of this series.